Future Technologies in Design
Research on future technologies in design is an evolving and dynamic field that explores how emerging technologies will shape the future of design practices, industries, and user experiences. It explores the potential applications of emerging technologies to enhance the user-experiences, solve complex problems, and create innovative products for future. Researches also explore how such technologies can be integrated into the design process to create innovative products, services, and environments for future.
One of the most promising areas of research in Design is to understand the role of future technologies (like Generative Design, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, IoT, 3D Printing and Additive Technologies, VR/AR/MR/XR, etc.) on the practice of Design and its applications in developing products and services for the people. Some of the key areas of Department’s interests are:
- Virtual, Augmented, Mixed and Extended Reality (VR/AR/MR/XR) in Design: VR and AR technologies offer immersive and interactive design experiences. In design research, they can be used to create virtual prototypes, conduct user testing in simulated environments, and visualize designs in real-world contexts, providing valuable insights into user interactions and preferences. The MR and XR focus on designing for extended reality environments for future needs.
- Gesture and Tangible Interfaces: Gesture and tangible interfaces are two innovative approaches to interacting with digital systems and devices, moving away from traditional input methods. Both interface paradigms focus on making interactions more intuitive, natural, and responsive, allowing users to engage with technology in a more tactile and expressive manner. These are valuable tools in design research, enabling researchers to explore new interaction paradigms, test user experiences, and gather valuable insights to inform the design of innovative products and user interfaces. They have great potential to develop new tangible interfaces in design such as interactive installations, product design, and novel user interfaces in MR & XR including other digital products.
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in Design: AI and machine learning have the potential to revolutionize design research by automating various tasks, enhancing data analysis, and enabling personalized design experiences. AI-driven tools can assist designers in generating creative ideas, predicting user behaviour, and optimizing design solutions based on user feedback and preferences.
- Generative Design: Generative design leverages algorithms and computational power to generate numerous design variations based on specified parameters and constraints. Designers can use this technology to explore a vast range of options quickly, leading to innovative solutions and optimized designs.
- 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Investigating how 3D printing can revolutionize design by enabling rapid prototyping, customization, hybrid manufacturing and new material possibilities. Research in this area focuses on materials, processes, and applications across various design domains including smart products.
- Robotics and Design Automation: Studying the integration of robotics and automation into the design process, enabling new possibilities in architecture, fabrication, and product design.
- Bio-design and Bio-fabrication: Bio-design and bio-fabrication are emerging fields that explore the intersection of biology, design, and technology to create novel and sustainable solutions. These fields harness biological systems (biomimicry and bio-fabrication), living organisms, and biomaterials to design and fabricate products, materials, and structures with applications ranging from healthcare to sustainable manufacturing.
Faculty: Subhajit Chandra, Prakash Kumar, Vikash Kumar